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Recalling that Estonia was the first state to experience a full-scale cyber-attack in 2007, Mr Tõivas said that today “we need to acknowledge them [cyber threats], we need to understand them, but by no means should we see them as barriers to digital progress but instead as enablers.” Today “we prefer to have a [convenient] service even if we give up a large bit of privacy”, added the Estonian liberal.
But, he continued, the threats to states and the responses to cyber-attacks remain very unclear: “International law does apply to cyberspace as well… there has to be clear distinction to understand that not any cyber operation is an attack against a country’s sovereignty but it very well might be and if it is an attack against another country this, according to international law, also gives permission to have counter-measures.”
The full exchange on cyber security can be seen below.